Gender Dysphoria

Gender dysphoria refers to a condition where a person may feel severe discomfort about the gender and sex assigned at the time of birth. Sex refers to the physical attributes of a person related to their reproductive organs, based on which the category of ‘male’ or ‘female’ is assigned at birth. Gender refers to the social system that is based on assumptions about roles and characteristics which are perceived as masculine or feminine.

Transgender people typically experience this condition at some point during their lifetime. In severe cases of gender dysphoria an individual may wish to be rid of the physical sex attributes to redefine their identity.

To clarify, identifying with a different gender than the one assigned at birth is not a mental disorder. It is only when an individual experiences severe discomfort and significant distress leading to difficulties to function normally in their daily lives, they are considered as having gender dysphoria disorder.

Symptoms of Gender Dysphoria

Causes of Gender Dysphoria

No specific causes are known for gender dysphoria however it has been observed that they are commonly reported by affected children between the ages of 2 – 4 years, although most of them no longer report it when they reach adolescence. Adults and young adults may experience gender dysphoria during puberty or early adulthood.


Research shows that all babies start out with female sex chromosomes (X) inherited from the mother, and only after the eighth week of pregnancy the father’s contribution of chromosomes become active. If the father’s contributions are Y chromosomes the testosterone and other male hormones makes it a male. There are several causes that could create gender identity differences after birth.


If the hormones that are supposed to trigger the development of sex and gender during pregnancy do not function correctly this could lead to a difference between how they relate to their sex versus their gender, which could be a factor leading to gender dysphoria.

Estrogen Enhancing Drugs

Exposure to drugs during pregnancy that may enhance progesterone or other estrogen related hormones may have an influence on gender based identity

Intersex Conditions

In some rare cases, babies may be born with both male and female sex parts which may create a crisis in gender identity

Treatment of Gender Dysphoria

Gender confirmation surgery is offered to patients with intersex conditions after they grow up and choose their own gender.

Hormone therapy and gender confirmation surgery are options for those with severe cases of gender dysphoria however they are not guaranteed to cure the distress.

Therapy and family counseling are the most recommended options to help understand and overcome symptoms of distress and learn to manage their emotions in social settings.

Call New Hope Healthcare for Help!

While we do not offer surgical options, our mental health treatment programs have been proven to help our patients at New Hope Healthcare cope with a range of mental health conditions and challenges. If you have a question don’t hesitate to call us at  866-806-1027today to see how we can help!

best mental health rehab in tennessee

Get Started Now

Take charge of your journey to recovery.

At New Hope Health in Tennessee, we offer free insurance verification for our clients who feel they need some help. When you contact us, we will carry out the thorough analysis of your addiction problem, and then recommend a workable drug treatment program. Next, we will contact your insurance provider on your behalf and verify your benefits. We will also let you know if you will be responsible for any out-of-pocket expense not covered under your plan.

Get Help Now

Admission Coordinators are available 24/7.

Take Control Of Your Life and Call Now.