Table of Contents

Understanding and Treating Borderline Personality Disorder

Clinically Reviewed by: Dr. Robin Campbell, LMFT, PHD

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), also known as Emotionally Unstable Personality Disorder, is a complex mental illness characterized by severe symptoms that can deeply affect a person’s life. This condition often emerges in early adulthood and manifests through intense and unstable relationships, self-harming behaviors, and an overwhelming fear of abandonment. Individuals with BPD experience extreme emotions and ongoing feelings of intense emotional pain, often triggered by traumatic life events or childhood trauma. The risk factors for BPD include a family medical history of mental illness, post-traumatic stress disorder, and substance misuse. Understanding how to treat Borderline Personality Disorder is crucial, as it involves addressing specific symptoms and dangerous behaviors to restore emotional balance and improve a person’s ability to cope with life’s challenges. Treatment options for BPD include psychotherapy such as cognitive behavioral therapy, dialectical behavior therapy, schema-focused therapy, and Systems Training for Emotional Predictability and Problem Solving (STEPPS), medications like neuroleptic, atypical antipsychotic, antidepressant, and anti-anxiety medicines, and hospital care for severe symptoms.


What is Borderline Personality Disorder (Emotionally Unstable Personality Disorder)?

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a mental health condition characterized by pervasive instability in moods, behavior, self-image, and functioning. Individuals with BPD often experience intense episodes of anger, depression, and anxiety that can last from a few hours to a few days. These mood swings can lead to impulsive actions and problems in relationships. People with BPD tend to view things in extremes, such as all good or all bad, which can result in unstable relationships as they may quickly shift from idealizing others to devaluing them. Self-image can be distorted, causing individuals to feel worthless or fundamentally flawed. Fear of abandonment, whether real or imagined, can lead to frantic efforts to avoid being left alone, sometimes resulting in self-harm or suicidal behaviors. BPD is often accompanied by other disorders such as depression, anxiety, substance abuse, and eating disorders. Treatment typically involves psychotherapy, such as Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), and sometimes medication to manage specific symptoms. Early diagnosis and intervention are crucial for improving the long-term outlook for those affected by BPD.


Types of Borderline Personality Disorder

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) can manifest in various ways, leading to the identification of different subtypes. While BPD is generally recognized as a single disorder, some clinicians and researchers categorize it into subtypes based on predominant symptoms and behaviors. Here are some commonly discussed types:

  1. Discouraged Borderline: This subtype is characterized by a marked dependence on others, feelings of helplessness, and submissiveness. Individuals may appear to be clingy or avoidant and often fear rejection and abandonment. They might also exhibit depressive symptoms and have a low self-esteem.
  2. Impulsive Borderline: Individuals with this subtype are often characterized by impulsive and reckless behaviors, such as substance abuse, promiscuity, binge eating, or reckless driving. They may struggle with controlling their emotions, leading to frequent outbursts of anger and frustration.
  3. Petulant Borderline: This type is marked by irritability, impatience, and a tendency to be stubborn or defiant. Individuals may oscillate between passive-aggressive behavior and sudden, explosive anger. They often struggle with feelings of dissatisfaction and are prone to mood swings.
  4. Self-Destructive Borderline: People with this subtype are inclined towards self-harm and suicidal behavior. They may engage in self-destructive actions, such as cutting, substance abuse, or risky sexual behaviors, often as a way to cope with emotional pain or to express their distress.


What are the Signs and Symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder?

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is characterized by a variety of signs and symptoms that can significantly impact an individual’s life and relationships. The primary features include emotional instability, impulsive behavior, and intense, unstable relationships. Here are some of the key signs and symptoms:

  1. Emotional Instability: People with BPD often experience rapid mood swings, with emotions fluctuating from extreme happiness to deep sadness or anger within a short period. These intense emotions can be overwhelming and difficult to control.
  2. Fear of Abandonment: A pervasive, intense fear of being abandoned or left alone can lead to frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment. This fear often results in clingy behavior or, conversely, pushing others away to prevent rejection.
  3. Unstable Relationships: Relationships with family, friends, and partners tend to be intense and short-lived. Individuals with BPD may idealize someone one moment and then suddenly believe the person doesn’t care enough or is cruel.
  4. Distorted Self-Image: A fluctuating sense of self-identity or self-image is common. People with BPD may have an unstable self-image that can change rapidly, affecting their goals, values, and interests.
  5. Impulsive Behaviors: Engaging in impulsive and often risky behaviors, such as spending sprees, substance abuse, reckless driving, binge eating, or unsafe sex, is a hallmark of BPD. These behaviors are typically in response to emotional distress.
  6. Self-Harm and Suicidal Behavior: Self-harming behaviors, such as cutting, and suicidal threats or attempts are common in BPD. These actions are often a way to cope with emotional pain or to express feelings of emptiness or worthlessness.
  7. Chronic Feelings of Emptiness: Individuals with BPD frequently feel a deep sense of emptiness and boredom, which they may try to fill with various activities or relationships, often leading to further instability.
  8. Intense Anger: Inappropriate, intense anger or difficulty controlling anger is another symptom. People with BPD may have frequent outbursts of anger or engage in physical fights.
  9. Paranoia and Dissociation: During times of stress, individuals with BPD may experience transient, stress-related paranoid thoughts or severe dissociative symptoms, such as feeling cut off from oneself or observing oneself from outside the body.


Living with Borderline Personality Disorder

Living with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) presents numerous challenges, but with the right strategies and support, individuals can lead fulfilling lives. Here are some key aspects of managing and living with BPD:

  1. Seeking Professional Help: The cornerstone of managing BPD is professional treatment. Psychotherapy, particularly Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), has been shown to be highly effective. DBT helps individuals develop skills to manage emotions, improve relationships, and reduce self-destructive behaviors.
  2. Medication: While there is no specific medication for BPD, medications can help manage co-occurring conditions such as depression, anxiety, or mood swings. Antidepressants, mood stabilizers, and antipsychotics may be prescribed as part of a comprehensive treatment plan.
  3. Building a Support Network: Having a strong support system is crucial. This includes understanding friends, family members, and support groups where individuals can share their experiences and receive encouragement.
  4. Developing Coping Strategies: Learning healthy coping mechanisms to deal with emotional distress is essential. Techniques such as mindfulness, relaxation exercises, and grounding techniques can help manage intense emotions and reduce impulsive reactions.
  5. Education and Awareness: Understanding BPD and educating oneself about the disorder can help individuals and their loved ones better navigate the challenges. Awareness can reduce stigma and foster empathy and patience.
  6. Consistency in Routine: Establishing a daily routine can provide stability and predictability, which can be beneficial for someone with BPD. Regular sleep patterns, healthy eating, and exercise can also contribute to overall well-being.
  7. Setting Realistic Goals: Setting small, achievable goals can provide a sense of accomplishment and help build self-esteem. It’s important to celebrate progress and not be discouraged by setbacks.
  8. Healthy Relationships: Working on communication skills and boundary-setting can improve relationships. Therapy can also help individuals understand and change patterns of behavior that negatively impact their interactions with others.
  9. Avoiding Triggers: Identifying and avoiding situations or people that trigger negative emotions or behaviors can be helpful. Learning to recognize these triggers and developing strategies to cope with them is an important part of managing BPD.
  10. Self-Care: Regular self-care practices, such as engaging in hobbies, taking time for relaxation, and practicing self-compassion, are vital. Taking care of one’s physical and mental health should be a priority.


Living with BPD is a journey that requires patience, resilience, and continuous effort. With appropriate treatment and support, individuals with BPD can learn to manage their symptoms, build healthier relationships, and lead meaningful lives.


What Causes Borderline Personality Disorder?

The exact cause of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is not fully understood, but it is believed to result from a combination of genetic, environmental, and social factors. Here are the key factors that contribute to the development of BPD:

  1. Genetic Factors: Research suggests that BPD can run in families, indicating a potential genetic component. Individuals with a family history of BPD or other mental health disorders, such as depression or bipolar disorder, may have a higher risk of developing BPD.
  2. Brain Structure and Function: Studies have found differences in the brain structure and function of individuals with BPD, particularly in areas involved in emotion regulation and impulse control. For example, the amygdala, which processes emotions, and the prefrontal cortex, which is involved in decision-making and impulse control, may function differently in people with BPD.
  3. Environmental Factors: Traumatic experiences during childhood, such as physical, emotional, or sexual abuse, neglect, or separation from caregivers, are strongly associated with the development of BPD. These adverse childhood experiences can disrupt emotional development and contribute to the instability seen in BPD.
  4. Social Factors: Early attachment issues, such as inconsistent caregiving or a lack of stable and supportive relationships, can also play a role in the development of BPD. Difficulty forming secure attachments can lead to problems with self-identity and emotional regulation.
  5. Personality Factors: Certain personality traits, such as high sensitivity to emotional stimuli, impulsivity, and difficulty managing stress, may increase the risk of developing BPD. These traits can interact with environmental stressors to contribute to the disorder.
  6. Neurobiological Factors: Imbalances in neurotransmitters, such as serotonin, which regulate mood and emotions, have been implicated in BPD. These chemical imbalances may affect the way individuals with BPD process emotions and react to stress.


It’s important to note that BPD is a complex disorder, and no single factor is responsible for its development. Instead, it is the interplay of multiple factors that contributes to the emergence of BPD. Understanding these contributing factors can help in developing more effective treatments and support strategies for those affected by the disorder.


How is Borderline Personality Disorder Diagnosed?

Diagnosing Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) involves a comprehensive evaluation by a mental health professional, such as a psychiatrist, psychologist, or clinical social worker. The process typically includes several key steps:

  1. Clinical Interview: The mental health professional will conduct a detailed interview to gather information about the individual’s symptoms, medical history, family history, and personal background. This interview helps to understand the patterns of behavior, thoughts, and feelings that the person experiences.
  2. Diagnostic Criteria: The diagnosis of BPD is based on criteria outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), published by the American Psychiatric Association. According to the DSM-5, a diagnosis of BPD requires the presence of at least five of the following nine criteria:
    • Frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment.
    • A pattern of unstable and intense interpersonal relationships characterized by alternating between extremes of idealization and devaluation.
    • Identity disturbance with markedly and persistently unstable self-image or sense of self.
    • Impulsivity in at least two areas that are potentially self-damaging (e.g., spending, sex, substance abuse, reckless driving, binge eating).
    • Recurrent suicidal behavior, gestures, or threats, or self-mutilating behavior.
    • Affective instability due to a marked reactivity of mood (e.g., intense episodic dysphoria, irritability, or anxiety usually lasting a few hours and only rarely more than a few days).
    • Chronic feelings of emptiness.
    • Inappropriate, intense anger or difficulty controlling anger (e.g., frequent displays of temper, constant anger, recurrent physical fights).
    • Transient, stress-related paranoid ideation or severe dissociative symptoms.
  3. Self-Report Questionnaires: In addition to the clinical interview, the mental health professional may use standardized self-report questionnaires or assessment tools designed to identify BPD symptoms. These tools can help provide additional insights into the individual’s experiences and behavior patterns.
  4. Collateral Information: Gathering information from family members, friends, or other healthcare providers can provide a more comprehensive understanding of the individual’s symptoms and how they affect daily life. This collateral information can be particularly useful in confirming the presence and impact of symptoms.
  5. Differential Diagnosis: The mental health professional will also consider other potential diagnoses that could explain the individual’s symptoms, such as other personality disorders, mood disorders (e.g., bipolar disorder), anxiety disorders, or substance use disorders. This process, known as differential diagnosis, ensures that the diagnosis is accurate and that appropriate treatment can be provided.
  6. Evaluation of Co-Occurring Disorders: BPD often co-occurs with other mental health conditions, such as depression, anxiety, eating disorders, and substance abuse. A thorough evaluation will assess for the presence of these co-occurring disorders to develop a comprehensive treatment plan.


Can Borderline Personality Disorder Be Prevented or Cured?

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) cannot be fully prevented or cured in the traditional sense, but effective treatments and interventions can significantly reduce symptoms and improve quality of life. Here are some important points regarding prevention and management:


While there is no guaranteed way to prevent BPD, certain measures may reduce the risk or mitigate the severity of symptoms:

  1. Early Intervention: Identifying and addressing symptoms of emotional instability and impulsive behaviors in childhood or adolescence can help prevent the development of full-blown BPD. Early intervention programs and therapy can be beneficial.
  2. Healthy Environment: Providing a stable, supportive, and nurturing environment during childhood can reduce the risk of developing BPD. Consistent caregiving and positive relationships are crucial.
  3. Education and Awareness: Educating parents, teachers, and healthcare providers about the signs and symptoms of BPD can lead to earlier recognition and intervention.


Treatment and Management

While BPD is a chronic condition, many individuals can achieve significant improvement and lead fulfilling lives with appropriate treatment. Key treatment approaches include:

  1. Psychotherapy: The cornerstone of BPD treatment is psychotherapy. The most effective form of therapy for BPD is Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), which focuses on teaching skills to manage emotions, improve relationships, and reduce self-destructive behaviors. Other therapies, such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Mentalization-Based Therapy (MBT), can also be helpful.
  2. Medication: There is no specific medication for BPD, but medications can help manage co-occurring conditions like depression, anxiety, or mood swings. Antidepressants, mood stabilizers, and antipsychotics may be used as part of a comprehensive treatment plan.
  3. Supportive Relationships: Building a strong support network of friends, family, and support groups can provide emotional support and encouragement. Group therapy can also offer a sense of community and shared experience.
  4. Self-Care and Coping Strategies: Developing healthy coping mechanisms, such as mindfulness, relaxation techniques, and stress management, can help individuals manage their symptoms. Regular self-care practices, including exercise, healthy eating, and adequate sleep, are also important.
  5. Education and Skill-Building: Learning about BPD and acquiring skills to manage symptoms can empower individuals and improve their ability to navigate challenges. Psychoeducation programs and skills training can be beneficial.


Long-Term Outlook

While BPD is considered a chronic condition, many individuals experience significant improvement with treatment. Research has shown that with appropriate therapy and support, symptoms can diminish over time, and individuals can achieve a higher level of functioning and improved quality of life.

In summary, while BPD cannot be entirely prevented or cured, early intervention, effective treatment, and ongoing support can lead to substantial improvement and help individuals lead fulfilling lives.


Is Borderline Personality Disorder Hereditary?

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) has a hereditary component, meaning that genetics can play a role in the likelihood of developing the disorder. However, it is important to understand that BPD is not solely caused by genetic factors. Here are key points about the hereditary nature of BPD:

  1. Genetic Predisposition: Studies have shown that BPD tends to run in families. Individuals with a close family member, such as a parent or sibling, who has BPD are at a higher risk of developing the disorder themselves. Twin studies have also indicated a higher concordance rate for BPD among identical twins compared to fraternal twins, suggesting a genetic link.
  2. Gene-Environment Interaction: While genetics can increase the risk of developing BPD, environmental factors are also crucial in its manifestation. Traumatic experiences, such as childhood abuse or neglect, and other environmental stressors can interact with genetic predispositions to increase the likelihood of developing BPD. This interaction between genes and the environment is known as the gene-environment interaction.
  3. Heritability Estimates: Research suggests that the heritability of BPD is around 40% to 60%. This means that genetic factors account for 40% to 60% of the variability in the development of BPD, with the remaining percentage attributed to environmental influences.
  4. Complex Inheritance: BPD does not follow a simple pattern of inheritance. Instead, it is likely influenced by multiple genes, each contributing a small effect, along with environmental factors. This makes the inheritance of BPD complex and multifactorial.
  5. Other Mental Health Disorders: Having a family history of other mental health disorders, such as depression, anxiety, or bipolar disorder, can also increase the risk of developing BPD. This suggests that there may be shared genetic factors contributing to these conditions.


While genetics play a significant role in the risk of developing BPD, it is essential to consider the interplay of genetic, environmental, and social factors. Early intervention, supportive environments, and effective treatment can help manage the symptoms and improve the quality of life for individuals with BPD, regardless of their genetic predisposition.


How to Support a Loved One with Borderline Personality Disorder

Supporting a loved one with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) can be challenging but also deeply rewarding. Here are some strategies to help provide effective support:

  1. Educate Yourself

Understanding BPD is crucial. Learn about the symptoms, triggers, and treatment options. This knowledge can help you empathize with your loved one and respond more effectively to their needs.

  1. Encourage Treatment

Encourage your loved one to seek professional help. Psychotherapy, particularly Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), is highly effective for BPD. Medication may also be prescribed to manage co-occurring conditions like depression or anxiety.

  1. Set Boundaries

Establish clear, consistent boundaries to protect your well-being and maintain a healthy relationship. Boundaries help prevent the relationship from becoming overwhelming or destructive.

  1. Practice Active Listening

Listen empathetically and validate their feelings without judgment. This helps your loved one feel understood and supported. Reflect back what they say to show you are listening and to clarify their thoughts.

  1. Be Patient and Compassionate

People with BPD can be extremely sensitive to perceived rejection or criticism. Show patience and compassion, even during difficult times. Understand that their behavior stems from emotional pain and fear of abandonment.

  1. Avoid Enabling

While it’s important to be supportive, avoid enabling destructive behaviors. Encourage positive coping strategies and independence. Support their efforts to manage symptoms, but don’t take responsibility for their actions.

  1. Promote Self-Care

Encourage your loved one to engage in self-care activities that promote emotional well-being, such as exercise, hobbies, and relaxation techniques. Self-care is essential for managing stress and emotional health.

  1. Take Care of Yourself

Supporting someone with BPD can be emotionally draining. Ensure you take time for your own self-care and seek support if needed. Consider joining a support group for families and friends of individuals with BPD.

  1. Communicate Clearly

Be clear and direct in your communication to avoid misunderstandings. Use “I” statements to express your feelings and needs without blaming or criticizing.

  1. Encourage Healthy Relationships

Help your loved one build and maintain healthy relationships with others. Social support is crucial for emotional stability and recovery.

  1. Stay Positive

Focus on your loved one’s strengths and progress. Celebrate small victories and improvements, and provide positive reinforcement.

  1. Plan for Crises

Develop a crisis plan that outlines steps to take if your loved one is in acute distress or poses a danger to themselves or others. This plan should include emergency contacts and professional resources.

  1. Seek Professional Advice

Consider family therapy or counseling to improve communication and resolve conflicts. Professional guidance can provide tools and strategies for managing the relationship.

  1. Understand Your Limits

Recognize that you cannot “fix” your loved one. Accepting that some things are beyond your control can help you focus on providing the best support possible while maintaining your own well-being.


What Is the Best Treatment for Borderline Personality Disorder?

The best treatment for Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) typically involves a combination of psychotherapy, medication, and support strategies tailored to the individual’s needs. Here are the key components of an effective treatment plan for BPD:

1. Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy is the cornerstone of BPD treatment. Several types of therapy have proven to be effective:

  • Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT): DBT is considered the gold standard for treating BPD. It focuses on teaching skills to manage emotions, reduce self-destructive behaviors, improve relationships, and enhance distress tolerance. DBT combines individual therapy with group skills training.
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT): CBT helps individuals identify and change negative thought patterns and behaviors. It can be particularly useful in addressing issues like anxiety, depression, and impulsivity.
  • Mentalization-Based Therapy (MBT): MBT helps individuals understand and interpret their own and others’ mental states, improving emotional regulation and interpersonal relationships.
  • Schema-Focused Therapy: This therapy combines elements of CBT with other therapeutic approaches to change deeply ingrained patterns and beliefs that contribute to BPD symptoms.
  • Transference-Focused Psychotherapy (TFP): TFP focuses on the relationship between the therapist and the patient to explore and understand the emotional experiences that underpin BPD symptoms.

Borderline personality disorder is treated with various therapeutic approaches, including DBT, CBT, MBT, Schema-Focused Therapy, and TFP.


2. Medication

While there is no specific medication approved for BPD, medications can help manage co-occurring conditions or specific symptoms. These may include:

  • Antidepressants: To treat symptoms of depression and anxiety.
  • Mood Stabilizers: To reduce mood swings and impulsivity.
  • Antipsychotic Medications: To manage symptoms of anger, aggression, or paranoia.

Medication should be prescribed and monitored by a psychiatrist to ensure its effectiveness and manage any side effects.


3. Support and Self-Care

Supportive measures and self-care strategies are also crucial components of BPD treatment:

  • Support Groups: Joining a support group can provide a sense of community and understanding from others who have similar experiences.
  • Family Therapy: Involving family members in therapy can improve communication and support systems, helping to address relational issues that affect the individual with BPD.
  • Self-Care Practices: Encouraging regular self-care activities, such as exercise, hobbies, relaxation techniques, and healthy eating, can improve overall well-being and emotional stability.


4. Education and Skill-Building

Educational programs and skills training can empower individuals with BPD to manage their symptoms more effectively:

  • Psychoeducation: Learning about BPD can help individuals and their families understand the disorder, reduce stigma, and promote effective coping strategies.
  • Skills Training: Programs that teach specific skills, such as emotion regulation, distress tolerance, interpersonal effectiveness, and mindfulness, are integral to DBT and other therapeutic approaches.


5. Crisis Management

Developing a crisis plan is essential for managing acute episodes of distress or suicidal behavior. This plan should include:

  • Emergency Contacts: A list of professionals, hotlines, and trusted individuals to contact during a crisis.
  • Coping Strategies: Personalized strategies and activities that can help manage immediate distress.


6. Ongoing Monitoring and Adjustment

Regular follow-up with mental health professionals ensures that the treatment plan remains effective and is adjusted as needed based on the individual’s progress and changing needs.

In summary, the best treatment for BPD is a comprehensive, individualized approach that includes evidence-based psychotherapy, medication management, support systems, and self-care practices. Early intervention and consistent, compassionate support are key to helping individuals with BPD lead healthier, more stable lives.


Is Borderline Personality Disorder Treatment Covered by Insurance?

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) treatment is generally covered by insurance, but the extent of coverage depends on the specific plan. Here are the key points:

  1. Psychotherapy: Most insurance plans cover individual therapy (e.g., DBT, CBT), group therapy, and family therapy.
  2. Medication: Prescription medications, such as antidepressants and mood stabilizers, are typically covered.
  3. Inpatient and Outpatient Services: Coverage often includes inpatient treatment for crises, partial hospitalization programs (PHP), and regular outpatient visits.
  4. Supportive Services: Some plans may cover case management and rehabilitation services.
  5. Preauthorization: Certain treatments may require preauthorization from the insurance provider.
  6. Network Providers: Using in-network providers can reduce costs.
  7. Mental Health Parity: Laws often require that mental health coverage is comparable to physical health coverage.

Review your insurance policy, check provider networks, and contact your insurer for specific details about coverage and out-of-pocket costs.


Common Insurance Options 

Common insurance options that cover Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) treatment include:

1. Employer-Sponsored Health Insurance
  • Covers psychotherapy, medications, and inpatient/outpatient services.
2. Private Health Insurance
  • Individual plans with varying mental health benefits.
3. Medicaid
  • State and federally funded, covering a wide range of mental health services.
4. Medicare
  • Federal program for those 65+ and some younger individuals with disabilities, covering outpatient and inpatient mental health services.
5. Health Insurance Marketplace Plans
  • ACA-established plans that must include mental health services.
  • For military personnel, retirees, and families, including therapy and medication.
7. CHIP (Children’s Health Insurance Program)
  • Low-cost coverage for children, including mental health services.
8. State-Specific Programs
  • Additional state-provided health insurance or mental health services.

Tips: Verify coverage, use in-network providers, obtain preauthorization if needed, and appeal any denials. Contact your insurer for specific details.



While there is no cure for BPD, effective treatments can significantly reduce its impact and improve the quality of life for those affected. Through a combination of psychotherapy, medication, and supportive care, it is possible to manage severe symptoms and foster emotional predictability. Addressing the intense emotional pain and vulnerability associated with BPD requires a comprehensive approach that considers the individual’s history and specific needs. Early diagnosis and intervention are key to mitigating the effects of this disorder and helping individuals lead fulfilling lives despite their emotional instability. By understanding and addressing the underlying causes and symptoms of BPD, we can offer hope and healing to those struggling with this challenging mental illness.


Seeking Treatment? We Can Help!

At New Hope Healthcare, as an in-network provider we work with most insurance plans, such as:


If you or a loved one are struggling with mental health challenges or substance abuse, reach out to New Hope Healthcare today. Our team of compassionate professionals is here to support your journey towards lasting well-being. Give us a call at 866-799-0806

Frequently Asked Questions

BPD is a mental health disorder characterized by intense emotional instability, impulsive behaviors, distorted self-image, and unstable relationships. Individuals with BPD may experience extreme mood swings, fear of abandonment, and chronic feelings of emptiness.
BPD is believed to be caused by a combination of genetic, environmental, and social factors. Traumatic childhood experiences, such as abuse or neglect, and genetic predisposition are significant contributors. Brain structure and function differences may also play a role.
BPD is diagnosed through a comprehensive evaluation by a mental health professional, which includes a clinical interview, assessment of symptoms based on DSM-5 criteria, self-report questionnaires, and consideration of the individual’s medical and family history.
The primary treatment for BPD is psychotherapy, with Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) being the most effective. Other therapies include Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Mentalization-Based Therapy (MBT). Medications may be prescribed to manage co-occurring conditions. Supportive measures and self-care strategies are also important.
Yes, with appropriate treatment and support, individuals with BPD can lead fulfilling lives. Effective treatment can help manage symptoms, improve relationships, and enhance overall functioning. Early intervention and ongoing therapy are crucial for long-term improvement.

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