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Methamphetamine, sometimes known as “meth,” is a stimulant with a high potential for misuse. Nasal inhalation, smoking, oral intake, and intramuscular injection are all common modes of administration; these methods provide a rapid-onset, strong, and euphoric high that may last up to twelve hours.
What is Meth?
Methamphetamines, sometimes known as “meth,” “crystal meth,” and “crank,” are highly stimulant drugs that may be smoked, snorted, swallowed, or injected. It is a stimulant drug developed from amphetamines. However, methamphetamines are significantly more potent than amphetamines because the substance may reach the brain in greater quantities.
Methamphetamine is classified as a Schedule II drug and can potentially cure narcolepsy and ADHD. Methamphetamine dosages used in medical settings are far lower than those observed in illegal markets.
Like cocaine, methamphetamine may be manufactured into a white powder or clear, rock-like shards. Crystal meth, often known as methamphetamine rock, is the narcotic’s purest and most powerful form. The phrase “club drug” refers to the prevalence of crystal meth during raves and club events. It is sometimes referred to as “glass” or “ice.”
Methamphetamine is very addicting. Methamphetamine’s euphoric qualities, which include a sense of pleasure and false confidence, make it particularly addictive for first-time users. Some meth users claim that after only one hit, they were addicted. Methamphetamine usage, although initially enjoyable, may ruin a person’s life since it depletes the body of its resources and leaves the user with a dependency that can only be relieved by taking more of the substance.
Furthermore, the pleasure experienced by those who smoke or inject meth wears off rapidly, even before the substance enters circulation. People who use meth this way sometimes participate in a “binge-and-crash pattern,” in which they repeatedly overdose to retain their initial high. If they continue to use meth, they will most likely not eat or sleep for many days. This is referred to as a “run.”
The euphoric high that increases dopamine levels in the brain causes methamphetamine addicts to experience. So, chronic use of methamphetamine destroys brain cells that create dopamine. As a consequence, long-term methamphetamine users lose the capacity to enjoy activities that they previously did without the drug. The pleasure centers may heal over time, but the cognitive capacities of the user may be permanently harmed.
Causes and risk factors for meth addiction
One of the most prevalent reasons for drug abuse is discontent with living conditions. Drug addiction may develop for various causes, including the quest for novelty, social acceptability, respite from boredom, escape from unpleasant events, etc. Methamphetamine is often used to “solve” a medical issue, but its overuse and the repercussions become a problem in their own right. The main causes of meth addiction can be categorized into the following:
Genetic investigations have shown that certain people are genetically predisposed to drug misuse and addiction. This is particularly true for persons with a close member who is an alcoholic or addict, such as a parent or brother. These persons are more likely to get addicted to illegal drugs.
Some data supports biological experts’ hypothesis that low dopamine levels in the brain are the basis of methamphetamine addiction. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that helps us feel happy when we do things like cuddle with our kids or eat a particularly nice meal. Because of the specific neurochemistry that renders them sensitive to its effects, those who misuse methamphetamines may be hardwired to seek the drug’s euphoric effects.
Because many mental diseases and other ailments may reduce pleasant feelings, many people resort to drug misuse to manage their symptoms. Methamphetamine, like other addictive chemicals, affects the brain’s normal supply of dopamine. While not under the drug’s effect, methamphetamine addicts eventually lose their feeling of pleasure.
If a person was raised in a dysfunctional environment where they felt unwanted and neglected, their sensitivity to drug misuse rises. Furthermore, if children watch their parents taking drugs such as meth, they may begin to assume that consuming drugs is a good way to deal with stress. Furthermore, when parents drink or use drugs in front of their children, they normalize the behavior, making it more socially acceptable to the child. In the future, this might lead to addiction issues.
Warning Signs of Meth Abuse
Because of the drug’s broad-ranging effects on the brain and body, there is a wide variety of probable symptoms and warning indications of meth usage. Although meth is very addictive, not everyone who takes it gets addicted. Addiction is formally defined as a drug use disorder, although not everyone who shows drug use symptoms, such as weariness, neurotic scratching, and irritability, is addicted to meth.
One of the first signs of meth addiction is a sudden loss of interest in formerly interesting activities. Meth use will eventually precede other hobbies, relationships, and job ambitions. People who begin using methamphetamines are likely to attempt to conceal their addiction at first, but the longer they misuse the drug, the more visible it becomes in their everyday life. Methamphetamine can change a user’s chemistry so that a drug activity done for pleasure becomes a significant priority.
Tweaking is another indicator of meth use. Stress and sleep deprivation may last anywhere from three to fifteen days. Tweaking is a behavior shown by meth users after a drug binge when they can no longer experience a high or rush from the substance. Because of the strong desire to use the drug again, tweaking may create psychological symptoms such as paranoia, aggression, and bewilderment. These signs and symptoms may persist for an extended length of time.
Also, the crash phase is an indication of meth usage. Throughout this phase, the absence of dopamine provided by the meth induces tremendous weariness. Crash effects may last anywhere from one to three days, including excessive tiredness, acute drug cravings, and depression.
The Dangers of Meth
Although many individuals know the harmful repercussions of using meth, a surprising number of people do so. Methamphetamine is much more harmful than other stimulants because a larger concentration of the substance survives digestion and remains in the brain for longer. Because of the drug’s ability to alter the connections between brain cells, methamphetamine use has been linked to changes in mood and tolerance.
The drug is damaging to the nerve endings in the brain. Long-term meth use changes brain chemistry, destroys circuitry in the pleasure region of the brain, and ultimately makes it impossible for the user to feel pleasure without the drug. Long-term meth use has been related to behavioral problems and damage to organ systems and brain arteries, possibly leading to a stroke.
Effects of Meth Abuse
Methamphetamine is a highly addictive narcotic that can destroy a person’s life. In the absence of therapy, the following problems are likely to arise as a result of meth use:
- Interpersonal conflict
- Marital issues/divorce
- Emotional alienation.
- Disconnection from society
- Persistent unemployment
- Money issues
- Weakened immune system
- Contracting diseases such as HIV or hepatitis from unsterilized needles or unprotected sex
- Death, either from overdose or suicide
Get Help Today
Meth is a dangerous narcotic with a significant risk of misuse and overdose. If you know someone who is displaying indications of meth misuse, you must emphasize the need to receive professional treatment. Inpatient treatment programs, counseling, and support groups may all assist persons battling methamphetamine addiction in becoming and becoming clean.
At New Hope Healthcare, we understand the possible consequences of meth use. Those struggling with meth addiction may find solace when effective support is available. Contact us today to learn about how we can help at 865-800-0947